smithsonian institution mission

"Smithsonian Chief Will Retire in 2014. [25], In 1846, the regents developed a plan for weather observation; in 1847, money was appropriated for meteorological research. Congress. On February 25, 2020, the Smithsonian launched Open Access, releasing 2.8 million 2D and 3D images and 173-years of staff-created data into the public domain as Creative Commons Zero. The following is a list of Smithsonian research centers, with their affiliated museum in parentheses: Also of note is the Smithsonian Museum Support Center (MSC), located in Silver Hill, Maryland (Suitland), which is the principal off-site conservation and collections facility for multiple Smithsonian museums, primarily the National Museum of Natural History. Operating expenses were covered from the $5 yearly dues collected from each member. The 3D Program is a small group of technologists working within the Smithsonian Institution's Digitization Program Office. No performance plans existed for the staff and unfulfilled financial obligations to sponsors existed. [22] The United States Exploring Expedition by the U.S. Navy circumnavigated the globe between 1838 and 1842. As the world's largest traveling exhibition service, SITES offers exhibitions to museums, libraries, science centers, historical societies, community centers, botanical gardens, schools, and other institutions across the nation. The Museum opened to the public on September 24, 2016, as the 19 th and newest museum of the Smithsonian Institution. To view the status of the Smithsonian’s other museums and zoo visit si.edu/museums. [23] These specimens and artifacts became part of the Smithsonian collections,[24] as did those collected by several military and civilian surveys of the American West, including the Mexican Boundary Survey and Pacific Railroad Surveys, which assembled many Native American artifacts and natural history specimens. Mission Access Smithsonian is a catalyst for consistent and integrated inclusive design that provides meaningful access to the Smithsonian Institution museums and content for visitors with disabilities. It was established in 1846 with funds bequeathed to the United States by James Smithson. The James Smithson Bicentennial Medal, established in 1965, is given to persons who have made distinguished contributions to the advancement of areas of interest to the Smithsonian. [73] As of May 2016, the center is run by an executive director, Eduardo Díaz. You are fueling visionary research and hands-on science for a better understanding of our world. In 1995, controversy arose over the exhibit at the National Air and Space Museum with the display of the Enola Gay, the Superfortress used by the United States to drop the first atomic bomb used in World War II. We focus on developing solutions to further the Smithsonian's mission of "the increase and diffusion of knowledge" through the use of three-dimensional capture technology, analysis tools, and our distribution platform. [29], The Smithsonian's first expansion came with construction of the Arts and Industries Building in 1881. Our Community Portal is open to any venue who may be interested in hosting a SITES exhibition, but an account is required in order to access some content The Institute's charter expired in 1838, but its spirit lived on in the National Institution, founded in 1840. Our Mission: Understanding the natural world and our place in it. The Smithsonian Institution Libraries hold 2 million library volumes. [30], The National Zoological Park opened in 1889 to accommodate the Smithsonian's Department of Living Animals. Smithsonian Journeys Highlights of Italy Experience the best of Italy's countryside and its famed cities Smithsonian Journeys Holiday Markets Discover Europe's festive traditions in charming riverside towns. And It Uplifts and Upsets", "Smithsonian Announces $1.5 Billion Fundraising Effort", "Saving America's treasures: The Smithsonian used Kickstarter to raise money for Neil Armstrong's spacesuit and Dorothy's ruby slippers. [74], At the time of its creation, the Smithsonian Institution had other entities dedicated to other minority groups: National Museum of the American Indian, Freer-Sackler Gallery for Asian Arts and Culture, African Art Museum, and the National Museum of African-American Heritage and Culture. United States. [52] A smaller amount of funds would go to educational initiatives and digitization of collections. The Smithsonian Office of Protection Services is recognized in the cultural and natural heritage protection field as a leader in risk management. The website's quality was poor, and the center did not have a public affairs manager, a programs director, adequate human resources support, or cohesive mission statement. [99], Group of museums and research centers administered by the United States government, "Smithsonian" redirects here. Education is at the core of our mission, from informal education opportunities for all to lesson plans and professional development for teachers. This page was last edited on 17 December 2020, at 04:53. "A National Family Album. In 1912, First Lady Helen Herron Taft donated her inauguration gown to the museum to begin the First Ladies' Gown display,[61] one of the Smithsonian's most popular exhibits. [5], Termed "the nation's attic"[6] for its eclectic holdings of 154 million items,[4] the Institution's 19 museums, 21 libraries, nine research centers, and zoo include historical and architectural landmarks, mostly located in the District of Columbia. The Smithsonian employs approximately 6,500 federal civil service and trust-funded staff members, and during normal operations, is supplemented by over 6,000 volunteers, interns, fellows, … [7] Additional facilities are located in Maryland, New York, and Virginia. Shop. The Smithsonian Institution Archives serves as the institutional memory of a unique cultural organization. Smithsonian Institution, research institution founded by the bequest of James Smithson, an English scientist who had stipulated in his will that if his heir died without issue, his remaining assets should be given to the United States for the ‘increase and diffusion of knowledge among men.’ The Smithsonian Institution was established as an independent trust instrumentality of the United States by an Act of Congress in 1846 with a clear mission: the increase and diffusion of knowledge. To date, the Museum has collected more than 36,000 artifacts and nearly 100,000 individuals have become members. [97][98], In April 2006, the institution entered into an agreement of "first refusal" rights for its vast silent and public domain film archives with Showtime Networks, mainly for use on the Smithsonian Channel, a network created from this deal. House of Representatives. It operates two landmark facilities that, together, welcome more than eight million visitors a year, making it the most visited museum in the country. The Smithsonian Institution (/smɪθˈsoʊniən/ smith-SOH-nee-ən), also known simply as The Smithsonian, is a trust instrumentality of the United States[2] composed as a group of museums and research centers. 3D Digitization. In 2003, a National Museum of Natural History exhibit, Subhankar Banerjee's Seasons of Life and Land, featuring photographs of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, was censored and moved to the basement by Smithsonian officials because they feared that its subject matter was too politically controversial. The Smithsonian Board of Regents said it asked regent John McCarter, Jr., to lead a search committee. Watch. The Commons increases the reach and impact of 9 research centers, 3 cultural centers, 19 museums, 11 libraries, and the National Zoo. The database will include 2D and 3D images from the Smithsonian… Benjamin Latrobe, who was architect for the US Capitol after the … These included the study of plant life and the creation of a botanical garden on the capitol Mall, an examination of the country's mineral production, improvement in the management and care of livestock, and the writing of a topographical and statistical history of the United States. After heated debate, Massachusetts representative (and former president) John Quincy Adams persuaded Congress to restore the lost funds with interest[18] and, despite designs on the money for other purposes, convinced his colleagues to preserve it for an institution of science and learning. Benjamin Latrobe, who was architect for the US Capitol after the War of 1812, and William Thornton, the architect who designed the Octagon House and Tudor Place, would serve as officers. The nominal head of the Institution is the chancellor, an office which has traditionally been held by the chief justice. With the mission to "promote science and the useful "Smithsonian Institution Names Cornell President As Its 13th Secretary. Mission. Established in 2017, the Smithsonian Conservation Commons is a science action network within the Smithsonian Institution, harnessing innovation and interdisciplinary approaches to impact worldwide conservation practices. The Institution was founded in 1846 with funds from the Englishman James Smithson (1765–1829) according to his wishes “under the name of the Smithsonian Institution… It opened in 1881. The Smithsonian Institution is now the largest museum and research complex in the world. As a New Hope Spot, What’s In Store for a More Sustainable Future? [12], The British scientist James Smithson (1765–1829) left most of his wealth to his nephew Henry James Hungerford. Prayerboard with Liturgy Written in Spanish and Salinan, 1817 (Side B). The Smithsonian Folklife Festival is an international exposition of living cultural heritage annually produced outdoors on the National Mall of the United States in Washington, D.C., by the Smithsonian Institution’s Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage. [78] According to the Latino Center, O'Leary told the press in 2007: "Our goal is to help our Young Ambassadors become the next generation of leaders in the arts and culture fields. the Railroad Museum is Now Recognized as a Smithsonian Affiliate", "Smithsonian – Provenance in the World War II Era, 1933–1945", "Smithsonian reveals its hidden treasures", "Smithsonian Latino Center's Young Ambassadors Arrive for Week of Cultural Programs in Washington, D.C.", "Noxious Bogs & Amorous Elephants: Smithsonian's birth, 35 years ago, only hinted at the splendors to follow", "Smithsonian Responds to Deficit Commission's Recommendation on Admission Fees | Newsdesk", Cooper, Rebecca. "[72] Today, the website features a high-tech virtual museum. Smithsonian images fall into different copyright categories; some are protected by copyright, many are subject to license agreements or other contractual conditions, and some fall into the public domain, such as those prepared by Smithsonian employees as part of their official duties. Welcome to the 3D Scanning Frontier The 3D Program is a small group of technologists working within the Smithsonian Institution Digitization Program Office. [15][17] Unfortunately, the money was invested by the US Treasury in bonds issued by the state of Arkansas, which soon defaulted. The Smithsonian is home to 19 museums and galleries and the National Zoo. The Smithsonian is a national and world treasure and is dedicated to its founding mission, “the increase and diffusion of knowledge.” Its exhibitions, programs, collections, and outreach touch the lives of millions of Americans every year, as well as … [42], The first new museum building to open since the National Museum of Natural History was the Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, which opened in 1974. Collections Stewardship at the Smithsonian: Hearing before the Committee on House Administration, House of Representatives, One Hundred Thirteenth Congress, First Session. The Smithsonian Office of Protection Services oversees security at the Smithsonian facilities and enforces laws and regulations for National Capital Parks together with the United States Park Police. [4] It was originally organized as the "United States National Museum", but that name ceased to exist as an administrative entity in 1967. It encompasses 137 staff members and is supported by an advisory board of 15 leaders from around the United States. [58], Smithsonian collections include 156 million artworks, artifacts, and specimens. Empowering people to create a just and compassionate future by exploring, preserving, and sharing the complexity of our past. The secretary also serves as secretary to the Board of Regents but is not a voting member of that body. The first mission to put a man on the moon came to a celebratory end when on July 24, ... Dane Penland / Smithsonian Institution. The Smithsonian's terms of use for its digital content, including images, are set forth on the Smithsonian Web site. [94], In November 2007, The Washington Post reported internal criticism has been raised regarding the institution's handling of the exhibit on the Arctic. As a public health precaution due to COVID-19 (coronavirus), the National Museum of African American History and Culture will temporarily close to the public starting Monday, November 23. As we all work to shape a sustainable world, this record becomes the starting point. [44], Eleven years later, the National Museum of African Art and the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery opened in a new, joint, underground museum between the Freer Gallery and the Smithsonian Castle. [54] An example is a campaign to fund the preservation and maintenance of the ruby slippers worn by Judy Garland for her role as Dorothy Gale in the 1939 film The Wizard of Oz.[55]. Was it worth it? The Collections Search Center has 9.9 million digital records available online. [34] The gallery opened in 1923. ", Columbian Institute for the Promotion of Arts and Sciences, National Museum of African American History and Culture, Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage, Smithsonian Asian Pacific American Center, Harvard–Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute, Smithsonian Environmental Research Center, Smithsonian Provenance Research Initiative, Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, debate over the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, List of aircraft in the Smithsonian Institution, "Smithsonian History > National Museum of American History", https://library.gwu.edu/sites/default/files/scrc/Columbian_Institute.pdf, "James Smithson – Founder of the Smithsonian, Last Will and Testament", "Founding of the Smithsonian Institution", "From the Pacific to the Patent Office: The US Exploring Expedition and the origins of America's first national museum", "Building a Lasting Cuba-U.S. Bridge through Science", "National Register of Historic Places Inventory Nomination: Smithsonian Institution Building", "National Register of Historic Places Inventory Nomination: Arts and Industries Building of the Smithsonian Institution", "Camille Akeju: New Director Seeks to Rejuvenate Anacostia Museum", "Renwick Gallery of the Smithsonian American Art Museum", "The List: Six Things You Didn't Know About the Air and Space Museum on its 35th Anniversary", "Review: The Smithsonian African American Museum Is Here at Last. The Smithsonian Institution is the world’s largest museum, education, and research complex, with 19 museums and the National Zoo—shaping the future by preserving our heritage, discovering new knowledge, and sharing our resources with the world. The database will include 2D and 3D images from the Smithsonian… [36] The Anacostia Community Museum, an "experimental store-front" museum created at the initiative of Smithsonian Secretary S. Dillon Ripley, opened in the Anacostia neighborhood of Washington, D.C., in 1967. The Henry Medal, established in 1878, is presented to individuals in recognition of their distinguished service, achievements or contributions to the prestige and growth of the Smithsonian Institution. [49] Twelve years later almost to the day, in 2016, the latest museum opened: the National Museum of African American History and Culture, in a new building near the Washington Monument. [43] The National Air and Space Museum, the Smithsonian's largest in terms of floor space, opened in June 1976. More than 60,000 individuals and organizations donated money to the campaign by the time it went public. Smithsonian Archives hold 156,830 cubic feet (4,441 m3) of archival material. Our collections represent our nation's rich heritage, art from across the globe, and the immense diversity of the natural and cultural world. In many ways, the origin of the Smithsonian Institution can be traced to a group of Washington citizens who, being "impressed with the importance of forming an association for promoting useful knowledge," met on June 28, 1816 to establish the Columbian Institute for the Promotion of Arts and Sciences. The Smithsonian changed the exhibit, displaying the aircraft only with associated technical data and without discussion of its historic role in the war. Now the world’s largest museum library and archives system, the Smithsonian Libraries and Archives aims to fulfill the Institution’s mission for “the increase and diffusion of knowledge” while committing to meet the expanding needs of a 21st-century organization and the communities we serve. The Smithsonian's mission is "the increase and diffusion of knowledge." Miguel Pieras Handwritten ink on paper pasted on wood board National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution, MS 1082. Our Mission: At the Smithsonian's National Zoo and Conservation Biology Institute, we save species. [79] Another Secretary of the Smithsonian, Walter Boyne, founded Air & Space. Two were the establishment of a botanical garden, and a museum which was designed to have a national and permanent status. ", "Lonnie Bunch III Set To Become Smithsonian Institution's 1st Black Secretary", "Smithsonian's Arctic Refuge Exhibit Draws Senate Scrutiny", "Scientists Fault Climate Exhibit Changes", "Integrating federal research and solutions for climate and global change", "Smithsonian Agreement Angers Filmmakers". The Office of Protection Services (OPS) We focus on developing solutions to further the Smithsonian's mission of “the increase and diffusion of knowledge” through the use of three-dimensional scanning technology, analysis tools, and our distribution platform. The museum contained specimens of zoology, botany, archeology, fossils, etc., some of which were passed on to the Smithsonian Institution after its formation. [86] This 17-member board meets at least four times a year and includes as ex officio members the chief justice of the United States and the vice president of the United States. The Institution is as an independent trust instrumentality of the United States and holds more than 137 million artifacts and specimens in its collections. Mission: "Commemorate, Educate, Inspire" The Smithsonian's National Air and Space Museum collects, preserves, studies, and exhibits artifacts, archival materials, and works of art related to the history, culture, and science of aviation and spaceflight and the study of the universe. Mission Statement: The Smithsonian Office of Fellowships and Internships (OFI) advances the increase and diffusion of knowledge by strengthening, diversifying, and developing academic appointments (internships, fellowships, and research associate appointments). Established in 2017, the Smithsonian Conservation Commons is a science action network within the Smithsonian Institution, harnessing innovation and interdisciplinary approaches to impact worldwide conservation practices. A brief history of the U.S. National Museum/National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Open Access – nearly 3 million Free images now available, John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts, Belmont–Paul Women's Equality National Monument, Japanese American Patriotism During World War II, Signers of the Declaration of Independence, Frederick Douglass National Historic Site, Boundary markers of the original District of Columbia, Women in Military Service for America Memorial, National Desert Storm and Desert Shield War Memorial, National Capital Memorial Advisory Commission. It has over 12 miles (19 km) of cabinets, and more than 31 million objects. Play. The Smithsonian's National Air and Space Museum maintains the world's largest and most significant collection of aviation and space artifacts, encompassing all aspects of human flight, as well as related works of art and archival materials. Rush returned in August 1838 with 105 sacks containing 104,960 gold sovereigns. U.S.A. 2021 Tours . (Smithsonian Institution) The Smithsonian’s virtual presence comprises millions of educational resources for learners of all ages. Our Mission For other uses, see, Smithsonian Institution (the United States), Secretaries of the Smithsonian Institution, "Smithsonian Information Brochure", Smithsonian Visitor Information and Associates' Reception Center, May 2009. Welcome to the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History & Culture. Jul 3, 2016 - Smithsonian Institution Traveling Exhibition Service - About the Smithsonian Institution Traveling Exhibition Service's mission, history, and goals. Nagel, Paul (1999). The museum’s collections tell the history of the planet and are a record of human interaction with the environment and one another. [It] also manage[s] leadership and professional development programs for Latino youth, emerging scholars and museum professionals. Critics contend this agreement effectively gives Showtime control over the film archives, as it requires filmmakers to obtain permission from the network to use extensive amounts of film footage from the Smithsonian archives. Historical research is also conducted in support of public programs, publications, and exhibitions. [16][17], Once the money was in hand, eight years of Congressional haggling ensued over how to interpret Smithson's rather vague mandate "for the increase and diffusion of knowledge". As the world's largest traveling exhibition service, SITES offers exhibitions to museums, libraries, science centers, historical societies, community centers, botanical gardens, schools, and other institutions across the nation. Beginning in 1825, weekly sittings were arranged during sessions of Congress for the reading of scientific and literary productions, but this was continued for only a short time, as the number attending declined rapidly. Aeolian Islands Hope Spot Highlights Local Efforts in Marine Conservation in Italy; How Cape RADD is Training the Next Generation of Scientists in the False Bay Hope Spot; The Pandemic Put Tourism to the Galápagos Islands on Pause. When Hungerford died childless in 1835,[13] the estate passed "to the United States of America, to found at Washington, under the name of the Smithsonian Institution, an Establishment for the increase & diffusion of knowledge among men", in accordance with Smithson's will. The Smithsonian Institution Archives serves as the institutional memory of a unique cultural organization. Officers were elected in October, 1816, and the organization was granted a charter by Congress on April 20, 1818 (this charter expired in 1838). In 1997, the Smithsonian Latino Center was created as a way to recognize Latinos across the Smithsonian Institution. [28], Construction began on the Smithsonian Institution Building ("the Castle") in 1849. [56] Eleven are on the National Mall, the park that runs between the Lincoln Memorial and the United States Capitol. [52] Members of the boards of directors of various Smithsonian museums donated $372 million. [31], The National Museum of Natural History opened in June 1911 to similarly accommodate the Smithsonian's United States National Museum, which had previously been housed in the Castle and then the Arts and Industries Building. Harvard University Press. The Trust builds on the mission of Englishman James Smithson (c.1765-1829), a chemist and mineralogist and the founding donor of the Smithsonian who left the entirety of his estate to the United States to found "at Washington, under the name of the Smithsonian Institution, an establishment for the increase and diffusion of knowledge." [45][46][47] Reuse of another old building came in 1993 with the opening of the National Postal Museum in the 1904 former City Post Office building, a few city blocks from the Mall. [72], The center is a division of the Smithsonian Institution. Other prominent members, who numbered from 30-70 during the Institute's existence, included John Quincy Adams, Andrew Jackson, Henry Clay, Judge William Cranch, and James Hoban. [75], After difficult times in the first few years, the center improved. The Smithsonian is a global organization actively involved in conserving biodiversity, priceless art, and much more. [31] The park was designed by landscape architect Frederick Law Olmsted. Destination Moon: The Apollo 11 Mission is organized by the National Air and Space Museum and the Smithsonian Institution Traveling Exhibition Service. [53], Separately from the major capital campaign, the Smithsonian has begun fundraising through Kickstarter. Its research and outreach activities serve all audiences, within and beyond its walls. The Smithsonian Institution is the world’s largest museum, education, and research complex, with 19 museums and the National Zoo—shaping the future by preserving our heritage, discovering new knowledge, and sharing our resources with the world. Read our 2016 - 2020 Strategic Plan. [96], The Smithsonian Institution provides access to its image collections for educational, scholarly, and nonprofit uses. [91] On March 10, 2014, the Smithsonian Board selected David Skorton, a physician and president of Cornell University, as the 13th secretary of the Smithsonian. Education is at the core of the Smithsonian’s mission to increase and diffuse knowledge. Its work helped to develop an underlying philosophy which pushed for the pursuit and development of scientific knowledge that would benefit the nation, and edify its citizens at the same time. Among all the activities planned by the Institute, only a few were actually implemented. His position as the secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, to which he was appointed in the spring of 2019, is multifaceted. "[73], The Institution publishes Smithsonian magazine monthly and Air & Space magazine bimonthly. The Festival takes place for two weeks every summer overlapping the Fourth of July holiday. The Smithsonian Office of Protection Services provides a safe and secure environment for visitors, staff, and collections. On September 18, 2013, Secretary G. Wayne Clough announced he would retire in October 2014. As secretary to the United States, Panama, and nine research centers of United... Observatory Network, which is equivalent to $ 12,005,000 in 2019 or equivalent to $ 220 in... 192 gifts of at least $ 1 million Folkways Recordings is the secretary of planet... The 1876 Philadelphia Centennial Exposition generated enough income role in the U.S Washington, D.C. with. Every day except December 25 and January 20, 2021 was founded August. 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