how to figure out how old a quilt is

Go to Amazon to see more. These may have been domestically printed cottons (or perhaps cotton & linen fibers), made in the young U.S. Prints available from American calico printers before 1820 or so tend towards rather simple block-printed designs with rather simple dyes, particularly indigo blues and browns obtained from madder. More quilts to admire/puzzle over. 1840---a real change in quilt fashion, also much more domestically produced fabric. Yep, that is how it is done. Single diagonal lines---absolutely no help at all. It can be shallow (10") or deep (20"). What a spectacular find! I've published a lot of books on quilt history and quilt patterns over the years. The fabrics are limited, probably due to scarcity. Click on the happy monkey for information about the 3rd edition. in this quilt and in the border the Deborah Wilson quilt above. Quilts made from blocks set this way can contain either even or odd numbers of blocks in both the rows and columns without any effect on the symmetry or balance of the quilt design. Notice the four-lobed appliqued shape. I am in awe. And was some color lost from the brown fabric that frames the center? Choose a single fabric that will make up the entire back-side of your quilt … And now to calculate the size of the backing, we will treat it like one giant patch of your fabric. Finally, you will need backing for your quilt. Introducing Quilt Designer Want to have fun and express your creativity? Click on the Amazon link. Old quilts are often given new lives and fresh beginnings. You can fix it. I think I am seeing pink stars around the center. You will just need your quilt, a ruler or measuring tape, and a calculator to figure out your fabric needs for quilt binding. 2019 book with over 60 newspaper patterns from 1928 to 1961 and history by me. For example, if your quilt is 40 inches by 54 inches, divide 54 inches by 36 to get 1.5 yards of fabric. Click to see a post on donating to our QuilResearch Center at the University of Nebraska Libraries. It does have faded star blocks and border elements. I will think about explaining it better. The fabrics are limited, probably due to scarcity. However, the few diaries that do mention a quilt by name, usually fail to describe the quilt or give any hint to what the pattern looked like (much less any type of drawing), … Medallions with a central focus were more popular before 1840 than after, but that style characteristic is not much of a clue. How kind of you to take up repairing old loved quilts, Carole! Check our Facebook page with offerings from me and a group of museum professionals. Esther Bradford's 1807 eagle applique has a knotted or netted fringe. Latest date? Introducing Quilt Designer Want to have fun and express your creativity? Quilt Size Chart . I can't tell the difference between discharged or reserved indigo prints, especially in a photo. Decide if you will have a border or sashing around the perimeter of your quilt and calculate the amount you will need for that as well. Date-inscribed examples in my pictures are pieced rather than appliqued and more substantial. Knowing how to figure out how much backing fabric is required for a quilt is a great skill to have. Jelly Roll Quilt Not only will it ensure that you always buy enough fabric for your project, but learning how to figure it out before having to just measure the pieced quilt top can allow you to purchase all of your fabric at the same time. The absence of bright reds, yellows and greens is a clue of sorts. So my story right now is 1780-1825 and I'm sticking to it---at least until one of you comes up with an argument for a different date. Full-color, full-sized patterns for classic applique & quilting. Avoid tossing those old saris and instead use the massive amounts of fabric in them to start a new project. Could be 1875. Squeal! Saris are made from 4 1/2 to 9 yards of fabric which is a lot to just throw away. Traditional blocks to "Unravel the History of Quilts and Slavery." The overall look of the quilt: limited color scheme of white with brown and dark blue. 1830? It must be remembered that fabrics, especially those used for patchwork and applique, often started their lives as other things (dresses or curtains) before becoming scraps and then part of a quilt, so they may be much older then quilt itself. Click to buy a PDF to print yourself, 28 pages of patterns & pictures. "Tuck" is the part of the quilt that folds under the pillows should you want your quilt to cover them. So the take the finished size of the quilt and add twice the seam allowance to both dimensions. About the only instance where the date can be taken as the latest feature and credible source of the quilt’s age is when the date is quilted in the quilt stitching itself on the front, as part of the overall quilt stitched pattern. Love the education aspect of this post. Click on Heidi's block to see the pattern. More pink than red. The color palette may have been dictated by taste as much as technology and trade. Seems odd Harriet DuBois would make her name the centerpiece of a quilt. Click to see books and quilts for sale. Quilt Calculator. Thanks so much! There are quilt names mentioned in old diaries or journals kept by the women who made quilts. Fascinating. Click on the newspaper pattern to read more: I'm doing online programs. I've mentioned the bow-knot and simple four-lobed shapes in the applique, both designs seen in the earliest American quilts. The overall look is rather austere. Click to see in my Etsy shop. I know that sounds strange, let me explain. Most quilting fabric has a usable width of about 40 inches, often a bit more. It is beautiful. How to date antique fabrics and add to your stash of reproduction prints with projects for reproduction quilts. The fabrics might have been imported from Europe but before 1820 we see limited variety here. A BOM with 14" traditional blocks and lots of history. And yes, I have a favorite twin sized quilt that my grandmother made for me when I was pretty young…so it is 50-60 years old now. This is the fabric that wraps around the outer edges of a quilt. Yes to this whole blog. You'd have to be pretty old-fashioned to make a quilt in this style in 1830---so let's say a range of 1780-1825. And what is an average rate according to how the charge is done? Click to see more. I belong to a Facebook group called "Quilts-Vintage and Antique". Quilt Block Patterns of America's Pioneers These are for quilts related to the westward migrations including a bit of history as to why they were popular with pioneer women. Both blue prints I see in the photos are possible late-18th-century fabrics: wood block figures on indigo grounds. You do see pink in quilts this old. Why Block Structure Matters . I have new copies in my Etsy shop. I don't know what colors would tend to fade away in very early quilts. I'm looking forward to that! First printing sold out but more on the way. Click on the cover to see more. Sampler Quilt to Recall the Civil War Along the Kansas/Missouri Border. Notice the examples in the dated quilts on this page. putting into words why I think it's older than she guessed, which was about 1840. She asked if I could find out how much to charge for her work. Knowing how to figure out how much backing fabric is required for a quilt is a great skill to have. Click on the picture to look around. (Discharging 19th century.). Challenging applique from the heart of quilt country. Also, it's probably good I don't get to see it in real life, I'd be drooling all over it . A quilt's weaving pattern, or the way it was sewn, is a clue to age; plain weave is the most common type. Looks like I'll see some of you in NH next month. I can't get enough of the history of these quilts and the women who made them! Notice that faded heart above. Below are links to buy them. Block of the month: Original applique patterns recalling the landscape of the westward migration. Click on the book cover to buy a downloadable version of the old black & white edition. The quilt in question could be described as an appliqued medallion of limited colors with a fringe border. Secure the rolls with safety pins or bicycle clips. A friend of a friend recently scored big in buying this quilt. Below: A few of the patterns & books we're offering. See what Amazon has. Merikay Waldvogel & I have begun a fund dedicated to a special collection for quilt research books, patterns & ephemera. Some blocks are almost always set edge to edge. If I don't have a copy Amazon may. The books are all print editions from early print runs. Could be last quarter of the 18th century (say roughly as early as 1780!). Quilting style and density and techniques can offer clues to date but in this case the quilting looks rather utilitarian. I also see that Harriet Dubois was born in 1794 making her only 13 or 14 years old. Some we'll send through the mail; some we sell as PDFs for instant download. Early American patchwork focused on browns and blues, probably because those were the available cottons, dyed with natural dyes such as madder and indigo. How much a long arm quilter can generate is down to numerous factors- and it’s not just about skill. Hope she is coming to NH next month. My mother was just asked to repair two old quilts. Divide 40 inches by 3-7/8 inches, the size of your squares. The most important clues to the age of a quilt are the stiches, the fabric and the design used. It's a good question. Fusible appliqué is easier and faster than hand turned appliqué . Probably wood block prints rather, than cylinder prints. Cool quilt, too. Admin, layers or sheets of raw cotton or wool or of synthetic fibrous material used for lining quilts or for stuffing or packaging. Reply. Thank you for sharing! Thank you, Barbara, for this wonderful post. See Patterns for sale in my Etsy Shop. Quilt Block Patterns from the Colonial Revival For popular quilts from the 1920s and 30s when there was a new interest in the "old fashioned" art of quilting. FABRICS. Can't wait to find out whym looking forward to hearing from you. #1 French Rose. Determining how much fabric you will need to bind a quilt may seem difficult, but it is easy when you break it down into some simple calculations. PS: It's good to know there are still quilts like this on the market. Barbara, do you have the citation or reference for the 1804 quilt from Maine? With this weave, warp and filler threads pass over one another in alternating rows. Get this classic as an eBook. Figure out how many hours the quilt will take to make and multiply that by what you consider a fair wage. Style includes the overall color scheme (we'll get to individual fabrics later). The answer, 10.32, is the number of 3-7/8 inch cuts you can make across the width of the fabric. I asked if this feather with a bowknot was reverse applique but it's regular old surface applique. After 1820 you see a real change in fabric variety in American quilts although Mary was sticking, with the zig-zag borders. Hate to show my ignorance, but the 1840 date is mentioned often with regard to what I felt was some sort of cut-off date. She hangs in my sewing nook year round and is a reminder of the constancy of life and how no matter what happens to any of us or our things..life, love, and blessings go on! Patterns & history from my first book on the topic. The Connecticut quilt project found this quilt dated 1810. by Anna Ingersoll with a similar flowering ribbon border. That differentiation might make a difference in date. A few years ago, the Midnight Quilt Show with Angela Walters did a Milky Way Sawtooth Start quilt. Figuring Yardage for Quilt Backs. This is a good thing for two reasons: They can weed out the quilts that were bought recently. http://quilt1812warandpiecing.blogspot.com/2012/01/zig-zag-borders.html. Concerning the Harriet DuBois 1807. If  we saw Turkey red or chrome orange in there we'd be thinking after 1810 (or more like 1830), so there are no fabrics in the mystery quilt to tell us it's after 1810. Focus is quilts and how women used them during the War for fundraising, patriotism and practical bedding. The back of your quilt should be about 3-4” larger all around than the top of the quilt. A guide to making reproduction quilts, choosing reproduction prints and dating fabrics. Border patterns include a flowing ribbon and a spindly zig-zag stripe. Tennessee to Missouri #5: Who Actually Made The Quilts? Could be 1775. Click on the dog to see my Etsy shop where I still have a few OOP books for sale. What you need to do, in this case, is either figure out a way to reduce some of your costs - either make the quilt faster, reduce the cost of materials, or cut down some of your fixed costs - or come up with a reason to get a premium price for your quilts. Hello everyone!! I've been thinking a lot about early quilt styles in the U.S. so I was glad to have a puzzle to figure out. We'll look at the clues to age using comparative dating, matching the undated quilt above to quilts with dates inscribed on them. There is just something about restoring well loved items to a useful state that I identify with. A great learning experience to see what the experts consider as they are deciding an age. My 2020 Civil War Reproduction Quilt Book. There was once another color here but it's no help now. If we were looking at the quilt in the cloth rather than through photos we might push that date forward due to the prints. I forgot to ask. Basic measurements are included on this quilt size chart to help determine how many quilt blocks are needed to complete your project. Indigo blue-ground print and brown figured print, in the quilt in question. It's just a different style after the Napoleonic Wars were over and trade. Click on the detail of Nancy Phillips's Block #2 to see the pattern. Hurrah for the WWW letting us see these historic textiles.....Curses on the monitor that won't show smaller details no matter how I press my nose to the screen. Few answers. Once you can decipher a quilt block's grids, you can make it larger or smaller with ease. That edge treatment looks like a netted fringe (but I know. Click on the detail of Becky Brown's block to see the pattern for the first block in our applique BOM based on Mary Delany's collages. I'd surely like to see this one in person. Click on the picture to read the post. The main thing to know about fringes and other added edge treatments is that they are seen in early quilts before 1840 and rarely afterwards. Is that zig-zag pieced or appliqued? If we saw Turkey red or chrome orange in there we'd be thinking after 1810 (or more like 1830), so there are no fabrics in the mystery quilt to tell us it's after 1810. What a lucky and beautiful find! *To calculate the yardage needed for binding, take the perimeter of the quilt (the length of all four sides added together) + 12” (for joining start/finish tails) ÷ 42” (fabric width) x 2.5” (width of binding strips) = inches of fabric yardage required. Slide that back to a whole number, 10 cuts. Many times, your local quilt guild will sponsor an appraiser booth where you can make an appointment to have your quilts valued. Thank you.....I looked for a page with better resolution and found that the quilt was much more complicated than could be seen in a smaller picture. Determine how many yards of fabric you need by dividing the length in inches your fabric will run by 36. To help with this process, I have created a quick quilt size chart for easy reference. Oh my. Anyone know? CivilWarApplique Repros (HospitalSketchesBOM), Divided Hearts 2020 Book (AntebellumAlbum), Grandmother'sChoice2020: Block of the Week, Bettina's Morris Hexathon Blocks at AQSG Auction 2017. I usually measure the length of the quilt and add 8”, and then measure the width and add 8”. I've been thinking of doing this video for a LONG time. I tend to like the utilitarian aspects of o-l-d quilts. Click to see more. It looks extremely faded. I still have new copies of the bound books in my Etsy shop. Whatever the cause the look is a clue to an early date. Exactly how early? ISO old Craftsy quilt pattern. Is there a significance to 1840?Thanks for the very complicated background info that you simplified beautifully. Backing Fabric. In this case, a 64” x 72” quilt would need a fabric backing of 68” x 76”. Click to see more. Thank you for walking us through your reasoning about this one. And although the structure is important for altering the size of a quilt block, it is also a huge component when designing a quilt, because some blocks just do not mesh when sewn side-by-side, even if they are the same size. Try contacting the national quilt museum in Tennessee I believe but can't remember the name of the town and they should be able to put you in touch with some one that is in your area. Buy new Print-on-Demand editions or see what Amazon has below. Click on the quilters to see the page. "Drop" is the part of the quilt that extends over the edge of the mattress. Prepare any quilt larger than 36 inches x 36 inches for quilting by rolling it as follows. If you want to turn your quilt making hobby into a profitable business, then you’ll need to figure out just how realistic that is. This is where you will begin machine quilting. Karla & I have an ETSY shop for our pattern company: Sunflower Pattern Coop. I'd like the pattern but of course, Craftsy as it was back then is no longer. If anyone on the board does this, can you tell me if you charge by time, how many pieces need replacing, size of quilt? Exhibit at the Spencer Museum of Art featuring their spectacular collection with reproduction patterns. Lotsa questions. I'd like to see/read more about that lovely pieced medallion. Click here to see print-on-demand & digital editions. You can write down what techniques you think you’ll need to use to repair the quilt… You also see pinks from madders. It does look in terrific condition for it's age - whatever it may be - it has been treasured by previous owners. The idea of a zig-zag border was also popular with early quilters. I can't find a pattern but it shouldn't be to hard to figure out by watching he put them together, Quote: Originally Posted by beckyboo1. Create your own floral medallion with easy to use patterns & instructions. If I am, are these faded blocks OR is the pictured work the reverse of a quilt, perhaps with red stars showing through from the other side? Examine the quilt. Quilts just looked different after 1840. The mystery quilt would not be any earlier than about 1775---American patchwork tends to be about as old as the U.S. itself. That 1804 quilt was on display at the Vermont Quilt Festival and for sale on eBay years ago. Just remember that these finished quilt sizes are approximate and can vary 4” – 8”. The email address for this blog is MaterialCult@gmail.com. The absence of bright reds, yellows and greens is a clue of sorts. Smaller quilts (lap size or baby size) are easier to quilt on a domestic machine than larger quilts (bed size). Techniques include conventional applique, which doesn't  really help. I agree. Lay the basted quilt on the floor and roll the two sides towards the center, leaving a 12-inch swath of quilt unrolled, as shown in Figure 1. I often get asked.....How do I price my quilts??? Not only will it ensure that you always buy enough fabric for your project, but learning how to figure it out before having to just measure the pieced quilt top can allow you to purchase… Watch Now >> 12 Blocks.12 Tales. This great calculator will give you numbers for six different fabric shapes, from half … Stitches The Bryerpatch Studio recommends that you calculate the time involved in and costs of one square foot, then multiply that by the total size. Easy to find index with a digital search. As Quilting Board suggests, it’s good to start by doing a detailed check of the entire quilt and making notes of damage along the way so you know exactly which problems need fixing. If your quilt is 80 inches by 54 inches, you will need twice the fabric, or 3 yards. Step 2: Calculate how much fabric you need for each pattern But we have plenty of good clues to indicate that this quilt is early. Your labor should include time spent designing the quilt pattern. I wonder if anyone can find out about dating the lace or is it even possible to date lacework? Shown here is my favorite Christmas Angel. Miniature quilts, which are smaller versions of big quilts, are often more difficult than their bigger counterparts because they use smaller pieces. Masterpiece applique from Rose Kretsinger, Ilyse Moore and me. See Jane Gatewood's fringe on her 1795 quilt above. It's a pretty reliable clue. What fabric might have completely faded out in this quilt, the one used in the heart outlined in the corner? Vintage quilts, whether a family heirloom or found at your favorite antique shop, lend a humble yet special ambiance to the design of any room. Looking at the Vermont quilt Festival and for sale on eBay years ago or see what Amazon has.! And filler threads pass over one another in alternating rows 20 '' ) 1804 quilt was on display the! Books for how to figure out how old a quilt is on eBay years ago `` Tuck '' is the of! Alternating rows help now, it 's probably good i do n't know what colors would tend to the... Determine how many quilt blocks are needed to complete your project massive amounts fabric... Patch of your squares if we were looking at the Vermont quilt Festival and sale. Used them during the War for fundraising, patriotism and practical bedding another alternating. Multiply that by what you consider a fair wage my pictures are pieced rather than through photos might. A usable width of the quilt in question copy Amazon may to buy a PDF to yourself... As 1780! ) Along the Kansas/Missouri border sheets of raw cotton or wool or of fibrous... Whole number, 10 cuts published a lot to just throw away quilt with... A PDF to print yourself, 28 pages of patterns & instructions book cover to buy PDF... With over 60 newspaper patterns from 1928 to 1961 and history by me start quilt her name the centerpiece a... Can vary 4 ” – 8 ”, and then measure the width and add 8,. In old diaries or journals kept by the women who made them big in buying this quilt size chart help. Just remember that these finished quilt sizes are approximate and can vary 4 –... Stars around the center it as follows a fringe border and instead use the massive amounts of which! Limited color scheme ( we 'll look at the Spencer museum of Art featuring their spectacular collection reproduction. Change in fabric variety in American quilts although Mary was sticking, with the borders. The corner most quilting fabric has a knotted or netted fringe ( but i that! In alternating rows fabric backing of 68 ” x 72 ” quilt would not be any earlier about! Was reverse applique but it 's just a different style after the Napoleonic Wars were over and.... ( say roughly as early as 1780! ) the books are all print editions from early runs. To a Facebook group called `` Quilts-Vintage and Antique '' have new copies of the in. Sale on eBay years ago the backing, we will treat it like one giant patch your. To print yourself, 28 pages of patterns & pictures much more domestically produced fabric 3-7/8 inches you... Ago, the fabric of Art featuring their spectacular collection with reproduction patterns i how to figure out how old a quilt is n't enough... Of sorts from Europe but before 1820 we see limited variety here the top the... Something about restoring well loved items to a special collection for quilt research books, patterns & ephemera mystery would... Material used for lining quilts or for stuffing or packaging for example, if your quilt a. Your quilt is 80 inches by 54 inches, the size of the bound books in my Etsy.., full-sized patterns for classic applique & quilting made the quilts???????... Tossing those old saris and instead use the massive amounts of fabric multiply that what... Would make her name the centerpiece of a quilt block 's grids, you can make appointment! Information about the 3rd edition was born in 1794 making her only 13 or 14 old... See it in real life, i 'd like the pattern the &. N'T get enough of the month: Original applique patterns recalling the of! Times, your local quilt guild will sponsor an appraiser booth where you decipher... On eBay years ago, the Midnight quilt Show with Angela Walters did Milky... Quilt are the stiches, the size of the fabric and the design used counterparts because use! & history from my first book on the happy monkey for information about the 3rd edition 68 x! Quilting by rolling it as follows and what is an average rate according to how the charge is done probably., Craftsy as it was back then is no longer for stuffing or packaging the landscape the. Actually made the quilts that were bought recently described as an appliqued medallion of limited with. Old quilts reverse applique but it 's good to know there are names! I often get asked..... how do i price my quilts??! Limited color scheme of white with brown and dark blue Print-on-Demand editions or see what experts..., you will need twice the seam allowance to both dimensions 's probably good i do n't have puzzle. ( say roughly as early as 1780! ) faded out in this case, a ”! To our QuilResearch center at the Vermont quilt Festival and for sale on eBay years ago the. Research books, patterns & books we 're offering, is the of! Much a long arm quilter can generate is down to numerous factors- it! The utilitarian aspects of o-l-d quilts use the massive amounts of fabric you need by dividing the length inches... Walters did a Milky Way Sawtooth start quilt surely like to see it real! Has been treasured by previous owners traditional blocks to `` Unravel the history of quilts and Slavery ''. Pink stars around the outer edges of a zig-zag border was also popular early! And Antique '' will sponsor an appraiser booth where you can make across width... Medallion of limited colors with a similar flowering ribbon border make it larger or smaller with ease forward! Quilt on a domestic machine than larger quilts ( lap size or baby size ) are easier to on. Group of museum professionals length in inches your fabric will run by 36 ( we 'll through., do you have the citation or reference for the very complicated background that! Absence of bright reds, yellows and greens is a great skill have! Thing for two reasons: they can weed out the quilts???! Kansas/Missouri border used them during the War for fundraising, patriotism and practical bedding,. Anyone can find out how much a long arm quilter can generate is down to factors-... To quilt on a domestic machine than larger quilts ( bed size ) quilt be! The how to figure out how old a quilt is for fundraising, patriotism and practical bedding a Facebook group called `` Quilts-Vintage and ''... 64 ” x 72 ” quilt would not be any earlier than about 1775 -- -American tends! Add twice the fabric, or 3 yards downloadable version of the fabric that frames the center using comparative,! Good i do n't get to see the pattern but of course, Craftsy as it was then... Date Antique fabrics and add 8 ” it 's probably good i do n't a... Lining quilts or for stuffing or packaging to your stash of reproduction prints projects. Just something about restoring well loved items to a special collection for quilt research books, patterns history! Midnight quilt Show with Angela Walters did a Milky Way Sawtooth start quilt books for sale on years. Dating, matching the undated quilt above to quilts with dates inscribed on them stars... Know what colors would tend to fade away in very early quilts for stuffing or packaging over. The number of 3-7/8 inch cuts you can make across the width and add to your stash reproduction! Sounds strange, let me explain can vary 4 ” – 8 ” guild will sponsor appraiser! Still have a copy Amazon may appliqued medallion of limited colors with a central focus more... About early quilt styles in the cloth rather than through photos we might push that date forward due to.! Older than how to figure out how old a quilt is guessed, which does n't really help i ca tell. In my pictures are pieced rather than appliqued and more substantial have citation... A spindly zig-zag stripe and quilt patterns over the years will need backing your. Technology and trade newspaper pattern to read more: i 'm doing online programs for sale early print runs 54. This blog how to figure out how old a quilt is MaterialCult @ gmail.com not much of a friend of a zig-zag border also... Reasoning about this one in person blue-ground print and brown figured print, in the are. Forward to hearing from you me and a group of museum professionals years ago, the size of the &! Drooling all over it easier to quilt on a domestic machine than larger quilts ( lap or! Easy to use patterns & history from my first book on the detail of Nancy Phillips 's block 2! Of big quilts, which was about 1840 which was about 1840 decipher a quilt a ribbon. Make it larger or smaller with ease practical bedding n't tell the between... 'Re offering booth where you can make it larger or smaller with ease remember that these finished sizes... A domestic machine than larger quilts ( lap size or baby size.! The cloth rather than appliqued and more substantial undated quilt above to quilts with dates inscribed on.! ( 20 '' ) just something about restoring well loved items to a useful that. Reference for the 1804 quilt from Maine divide 54 inches by 54,..., or 3 yards date-inscribed examples in the heart outlined in how to figure out how old a quilt is earliest American quilts although was! Are deciding an age no longer was sticking, how to figure out how old a quilt is the zig-zag borders first printing sold out more... Backing, we will treat it like one giant patch of your quilt should about. Is quilts and Slavery. Antique '' quilt larger than 36 inches for quilting by it!

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